Dracaena is a very toxic plant, almost all the variety of Dracaena are considered to be poisonous for cats. Consuming a lot of its leaves can make your cat suffer from some serious health issues. Let’s discuss in more detail the type of Dracaena, their toxicity, and post-consumption symptoms:
Dracaena also popular as the Dragon tree, is a subfamily belonging to the Asparagaceae family, consisting of approximately 120 different species of succulents and trees. Almost all of these plant species are native to Africa with a few coming from South Asia and Northern Australia, while two of them are found to be native of Central America.
Because of their ornamental foliage, a few species of Dracaena are kept as house plants. These plants have gained huge popularity as air cleanser indoor plants as well as decorative plants in yards for the reason of their chemical removal capabilities from the air such as formaldehyde.
The average height of these plants is 10′-20′ feet tall and come in numerous beautiful arrays of color. The most commonly grown Dracaena globally are:
Dracaena marginata – variegated
This species of Dracaena are popular for their beautiful green sword-like leaves with a red outline. In different parts of the world, it is also knowns as red margined or red-edged Dracaena.
Dracaena marginata is considered to be poisonous for cats because it contains saponins. Saponin basically is an amphipathic glycoside that helps the plant to stay free of fungus which also works as an antifeedant for the plants. But this chemical is toxic for cats, therefore is recommended to keep this plant away from cats.
Also popular by the name of Craig or Stripped Dracaena, these plants are low light and warm condition loving indoor plants. These plants come in two varieties, namely Warnecke and Janet Craig. Both of them have stripped stiff leaves and grow almost 8-inches.
Sadly, this plant is also not safe for pets, especially cats because this plant also contains steroidal saponins which are extremely toxic for cats.
Dracena fragrans or corn plant
Cornstalk dracaena, false palms, and happy plants are the other names these house plants are known by. These plants have a variety of leaves but almost all of them give a resemblance to corn leaves, thus justifying the name. It is a very slow-growing plant, a full-grown Dracena Fragrans is 6-feet in height.
Like dragon trees, dracaena fragrances are also immensely toxic for not only cats but also for dogs. Therefore keep your pet away from this plant.
Lucky Bamboo is a very popular indoor plant that grows in both water and soil. Though it is known as bamboo, it belongs to the family of Dracaena, it is also known as Dracaena sanderiana. Dracaena sanderiana grows maximum to one meter in height with greyish-green leaves.
As with all the above plants, it is also a toxic plant for your feline friend. The steroidal saponins in the plant make it very hazardous for your cat, so beware.
What if your cat already consumed a bit of Dracaena?
The most common issue that your cat can suffer after consuming Dracaena is indigestion but it can also cause poisoning in your cat, most symptoms of the poisoning are:
- Increased heart rate
- Diarrhea caused by severe dehydration
- Abdominal pain
- Excessive drolling
- Loss of appetite
Though it is best to prevent your cat from getting a hold of any of these plants. But unfortunately, if your cat got attracted by the plant and chewed some of its leaves, keenly lookout for any absurd behaviors, and if the symptoms start getting severe take your poor cat to the vet as soon as possible.